24 de jun de 2010

Unit 4 - Task 1 - Annotated Bibliographies (Unit 3)


www.sxc.hu

Unit 3: Transparency in Online Education

In this unit, we are going to study and discuss possible answers to question like these, based on the perspectives of some authors and your own views/experience:

1. How much transparency should we allow in online education?

2. What are the implications of transparency in online education?

3. What are the pros and cons of global student catalogues?
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Unidade 3: Transparência na Educação Online

Nesta unidade, estudamos e discutimos possíveis respostas para as pergunta como as listadas abaixo, com base nas perspectivas dos autores e seus pontos de vista / experiência:

1. Qual a maior transparência devemos permitir na educação on-line?

2. Quais são as implicações de transparência em matéria de educação on-line?

3. Quais são os prós e os contras de catálogos p/ estudante global?

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1. Dalsgaard,Christian.(2009).Transparency between Students

http://www.irrodl.org/index.php/irrodl/article/view/671/1267

(04 pg)

The paper presents the results of a case study that explores the potentials of weblogs and social bookmarking to support transparency in a university course. In the course, groups of students used weblogs and social bookmarking in their work.

The objective of the case was to empower students by providing them with tools that would be visible to the other students in the course, thus, making students’ ideas, thoughts and questions visible to the other students in the course. The paper concludes that use of digital media for transparency can support empowerment of students and inspiration among students in a course, but that the challenge is to create a balance between personal tools and tools for collaborative group work that are also suitable for transparency between students.

2. Dalsgaard, C.(2008). Social networking sites: Transparency in online
(06 pg)

http://eunis.dk/papers/p41.pdf

The paper discusses the question: What are the pedagogical potentials of social networking sites?

Where as collaboration and user-generated content are often highlighted as major potentials of Web 2.0 technologies, the paper argues that a central characteristic of social networking sites such as Facebook, Myspace, Bebo and Ning is a combination of personalization and socialization. This combination has a potential to facilitate transparency between students. Transparency gives students insight into each other’s work. Social networking sites do not necessarily involve communication, dialogue or collaboration. Instead,the paper argues, transparency is a dominating feature. An interesting aspect of social interaction in social networking sites is that the starting point is the individual or personal. This is in opposition to discussion forums, in which communication always takes place in a shared forum. In a social
networking site each individual has a personal page and profile, which the individual develops and modifies.

The paper will discuss how social networking may be utilized within university education by students sharing information and resources that are originally developed for themselves, but made available to others – for instance bookmarks, references, links, and notes. In conclusion, the paper argues that the pedagogical potential of social networking lies within transparency and the ability to create
awareness between students – potentially across institutions and nations.

3. Dalsgaard, C., Paulsen, M.F.(2009). Transparency in Cooperative Online Education
International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning, vol. 10 no.3
(15 pg)

The purpose of this article is to discuss the following question: What is the potential of social networking within cooperative online education? Social networking does not necessarily involve communication, dialogue, or collaboration. Instead, the authors argue that transparency is a unique feature of social networking services. Transparency gives students insight into each other’s actions. Cooperative learning seeks to develop virtual learning environments that allow students to have optimal individual freedom within online learning communities. This article demonstrates how cooperative learning can be supported by transparency. To illustrate this with current examples, the article presents NKI Distance Education’s surveys and experiences with cooperative learning. The article discusses by which means social networking and transparency may be utilized within cooperative online education. In conclusion, the article argues that the pedagogical potential of social networking lies within transparency and the ability to create awareness among students.

4. Siemens,George.(2009)Connectivism networked and social learning. Teaching as transparent learning
(01 pg)

"When someone decides to share their thoughts and ideas in a transparent manner, they become a teacher to those who are observing. Social technology – such as Twitter, blogs, Facebook – opens the door to sharing the process of learning, not only the final product."

"My argument is this: when we make our learning transparent, we become teachers".

5. Shaughnessy, Michael F. (2009). An Interview with Morten Flate Paulsen: Transparency in Online Education. Eastern New Mexico University.

http://www.educationnews.org/commentaries/93163.html

"Transparency entails that people can see information about each other. Transparency entails That Can people see information about each other. It is however difficult to decide how much information they should be allowed to see. However It Is Difficult to decide how much information They Should Be Allowed to see. Transparency is also an important driver for improved quality. Also Transparency is an important driver for improved quality. As shown in the first cartoon, transparency has the following three positive effects on quality: The first shown in the cartoon, Transparency Has The Following three positive effects on quality:

* Preventive quality improvement, because we are prone to provide better quality when we know that others have access to our work Preventive quality improvement, because we are prone to Provide Better Quality When We Know That Have others access to our work
* Constructive quality improvement, because we may learn from others when we have access to their work Constructive quality improvement, because May we learn from others When We Have Access to Their work
* Reactive quality improvement, because we may receive feedback from others when they have access to our work Reactive quality improvement, because May we receive feedback from others When They Have Access to our work

Transparency could reduce the amount of low quality contributions and make high quality work more accessible as paragons for others. Transparency Could Reduce the Amount of Contributions low quality and high quality make the work more accessible for others paragons. In transparent online learning environments, poor teachers and course designers cannot easily hide their work behind closed doors. Transparent in online learning environments, poor teachers and course designers can not Easily hide Their work behind closed doors".

6. Morten,Paulsen.(2008).Cartoon about Transparency in online education.

7. Michael F. Shaughnessy, Senior Columnist, EdNews.org, An Interview with Morten Flate Paulsen: Transparency in Online Education

http://www.educationnews.org/commentaries/93163.html

The interview shows us two kinds of transparency: transparency teacher and the student and his relavância in cooperative learning, still pictures, the tools that show the transparency, like the blog, and highlights the role of importat feedback forum where actions are transparent and seen by everyone and generates an indirect or passive communication and sharing, but is limited because only their peers and teachers can see it.

8. Morten Flate Paulsen Facing twelve hundred students online, Norwegian Information Technology College, mfp@nki.no, www.nki.no / pp / MFP

The article shows the freedom of cooperation and transparency, and also lists NKI and its model of learning and even conceptualize what is transparency and improves our understanding of the topic.

9. Met the publications of C.Dalsgaard that support the understanding of Transparency in Online Education and other important issues ead

http://person.au.dk/en/imvcd@hum.au.dk/pub">http://person.au.dk/en/imvcd@hum.au.dk/pub

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